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Making a SkiMo Tow Rope

When I started researching techniques for partner skimo racing, a common theme emerged: lots of winning teams use a towing system to attach the partners to each other. I had an inkling that this happened because my Camp Race 260 pack had come with a tow system built in. Still, it seemed silly. However, as I though more about the psychological and logistical difficulties of racing with a partner, who no doubt possesses different skills and strengths, the potentially massive benefit of a tow rope became clear to me. In this post, I explain the pros and cons of using a tow, how to make one for yourself, and how to use it. For those not familiar with a rope tow, the system is simple: A length of elastic material connects the back of one racer to the front of another, usually with a carabiner-style attachment.

Purpose: Why Use a Tow Rope

The primary use for a tow rope is to help to average out the pace and fitness of partners. Without fail, one racer will be better on the climbs, or stronger at longer distances. By using a tow rope to remain tethered to one-another, the team is able to work as an average of their abilities. Without a rope, the team must travel at the pace of the slower partner (many partner races exact penalties for excessive distance between partners). With a tow rope, the stronger partner is able to assist the slower partner, and the team moves together at a pace faster than they would otherwise. The rope can also provide some physical assistance to the slower partner, offering a tug uphill or across the flats to make their effort less.

Distant partner needs a tow rope

Does your partner love you? They might love you more with a tow rope. (Ethan Linck crossing snow dome, Mt Hood.)

Perhaps an even bigger advantage to the tow rope is that it maintains a good psychological relationship between partners. Feeling like you’re the weak partner who always falls behind is demoralizing. Worse still is the inch-worm technique, wherein the faster partner runs ahead, stops, and waits for the slower partner, leaving as soon as they arrive. The faster partner gets no rhythm, and the slower gets no break, physically or psychologically.  In my experience, when ski partners feel like they’re falling behind or can’t keep up, this paradoxically makes them slow down and has the nasty side effect of making them hate the faster skier. The tow rope makes the connection between partners tangible, allowing you to move as a team. With at most 20′ between one-another, you can communicate easily, make decisions, and maintain a good relationship through mentally and physically stressful times.

A third use for the tow rope is to prevent partners from being separated in chaotic mass starts. ISMF rule forbid the use of a rope tow within the first 15 minutes of a race, but this rule doesn’t apply to many North American races. In the Power of Four or the Grand Traverse, for example, starting the race on tow can prevent partners from becoming separated. No time is wasted locating your partner for the rest of the race.

Uh-Oh: When Not to Tow

The tow rope is not always useful, and in some situations it should not be used because it creates a hazard for the team. The most common hazard facing teams on-tow is long downhills. If a downhill portion is long enough to warrant removing skins, then the tow rope should be removed as well so that partners do not pull one another over while skiing or catch the rope between them on obstacles like trees. Visualize that: not good.

No tow rope on a glacier

A glacier is a better place for a real rope. (Ethan Linck, Ladd Glacier, Mt. Hood)

Additionally, the tow rope should not be used when in terrain that is more safely traveled with greater distance between partners. This includes avalanche terrain which necessitates safe travel techniques, in areas where rockfall may be possible, or on glacier, where snow bridges are a hazard. (A 30 m semi-elastic 8mm system can be used on glacier, but that is beyond the scope of this article.)

Ideal towing terrain

Ideal towing terrain. (Taylor Schefstrom and Karen Agocs in front of Broken Top, Central OR)

If there is any doubt, reserve the tow rope for use on rolling terrain, flats, or uphills, which do not represent a significant avalanche hazard.

Making a SkiMo Tow Rope

The good news is that it takes about $5 and 10 minutes to make a rope tow.

Materials:
– 8 Feet of 1/8 – 1/4″ elastic cord
– 2 medium-size non-climbing metal carabiners

Both of these materials I bought at my local outdoors store. Hardware stores and army surplus outlets are also good options. Total cost of material was under $5.

To construct the rope tow, simply tie and overhand on a bight on each end of the elastic cord. I found it useful to make the loop on the end as small as possible, so that it held the carabiner snugly and didn’t allow it to rotate. Don’t worry too much if you have a little or a lot of tail on your knot; the elasticity of the system makes the lengths approximate.

skimo tow rope

8′ 1/4″ skimo tow rope with 1.5″ carabiners. $5 and a saved relationship.

There are no reliable published stats on bungee strength that I could find. The breaking strength of 1/4″ bungee is likely around 200 lbs, 1/8″ around 100. In our tested version, 1/8″ cord was used and my girlfriend was able to tow my 160#+gear frame from a standstill on flat ground with skins on without breaking the cord. It looks flimsy, but its not. Worth considering is that as the diameter of the cord increases, so does the force required to stretch it. 1/2″ cord will transmit a more aggressive tug to your partner than  a thinner cord, which is not ideal.

I plan to continue using the 1/8″ cord and will update this post should it break. For confidence, you might prefer 3/16″ or 1/4″.

Using a SkiMo Tow Rope

The tow rope is tiny and easily stores in a pocket for quick access. It is easier if the team anticipates which partner may require the tow, as that person should carry the tow rope.

To deploy the tow, the tow-ee can unravel the cord and attach both each end to their partner and themselves respectively. The lower and closer to the hips that the rope can be attached, the better. The choice for the follower is simple: just clip the bungee around the waist belt webbing of your pack. I can’t recommend the use of belt-loops, unless you have some sort of Metolius safety-pants that are yet to hit the market. A better choice for the front partner is a low strap on the backpack, preferably centered. In our testing, using the back end of a side compression strap didn’t cause excessive rotational force on your partner, so that’s an option as well.

On tow

On tow behind Taylor Schefstrom to Ball Butte, Central Oregon Cascades.

The use is then intuitive: the greater the difference in pace between partners, the more force is applied against each. The idea is not to completely drag your partner, but to give a gentle assistive pull. At full elongation, this provides about 20′ of space between the partners, which allows you to navigate switchbacks etc without excessive complication.

When coming to a transition which requires disconnecting the tow, either partner can detach the rope, though it is somewhat easier for the rear partner to make this maneuver. The cord can be left half-attached and either wrapped around the waist or stuffed into a pocket for quick deployment when the team again wishes to move together. Savvy teams might pre-rig the cord in this way before the race for faster deployment.

 Tow Rope Beyond Racing

There you have it, the essentials of the tow rope for ski mountaineering racing. As with many things, this technique has trickled down from the glacier-traverse races of the European alps into our naïve North American hands.

I think that it can trickle down further: with such low cost, trivial weight, and supreme usefulness, I predict that the tow rope can be a useful tool for the average backcountry skier. My girlfriend thinks that it will help to preserve our relationship, and I agree. In any ski touring group there are those who will travel more slowly or need a little help. Being able to travel as a team during long approaches, across flats, or up valleys will improve overall speed and keep good relations between partners.

I, for one, will have one in my touring pack. 

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6 Comments

  • Andy on Jan 31, 2014 Reply

    I have used tow ropes with great success both with my girlfriend in the Power of Four and with another friend in the Grand Traverse. I would agree with most of what you have here (and I have the exact same setup), although I wonder what you think about the one built into the CAMP packs. I’ve also seen a number of folks connect these tow ropes to ultralight climbing harnesses.

    • Patrick Fink on Jan 31, 2014 Reply

      Hi Andy,

      If you have any additional thoughts or ideas please do. Are you using the same diameter of cord?

      My first impression of the Camp 260 tow rope is that it’s not super long and its only semi-dynamic. It seems best for team races where there isn’t a lot of anticipated towing– even more so because the waist strap on that pak is so flimsy (I already broke mine) that it might not be comfortable to push into for long periods.

      Complaint: other lightweight camp packs, like the X3 600 Plus, don’t have a centered tow point, which would have been trivially easy to add.

      I don’t know that I’d want to ski around even in a minimal harness if the race didn’t already require one. Seems like you accept the possibility of chafing for only minimal improvement.
      Cheers!
      P

      • Andy on Jan 31, 2014 Reply

        I have yet to race in a harness and have some of the same reservations you do, though at the same time, some of those harnesses are pretty slim. In the GT last year, we used the bungee tow connected to the waist strap of the X3 600. It’s not ideal, but worked reasonably well. The other complaint I have about that pack are that the diagonal ski carry totally sucks. I’ve tried using it on some spring ski mountaineering objectives and it has so little friction that your skis can fall off minutes after lashing them on.

        I don’t have my strap in front of me, but I think it’s 3/16 or 1/4″. It’s not very burly, but then, it’s not meant to be. The Camp 260 strap actually works reasonably well as long as you’re skinning smoothly (which you should be, but that’s another story). I’ve never practiced with it enough to get fast at the deploy/stow process.

        • Patrick Fink on Feb 04, 2014 Reply

          Andy,

          I agree about the diagonal ski carry– the clip on mine falls off all the time. I have had some luck with crimping it more tightly. It’s perplexing that they could produce a clip that performs so poorly after putting a good one on the 260. Fixed something that wasn’t broken…

          I thin that the 260 is really easy to deploy, and hard to pack away without taking off the pack. It definitely is the sort of thing to just wrap around your waist.

          We just spent the weekend skiing around Crater Lake, and with around 20 miles on tow, we had no problems with out minimal 1/8″ tow rope.

          -P

  • Martin on Jan 30, 2014 Reply

    If you can’t find elastic cord in the right length and diameter at your local hardware store then try eBay. You can usually find someone selling bungee cord by the foot.

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